Creator of Engineering Wonderland: The Transandino Railway
A photography from second half of the 19th century
Ernest Malinowski is primarily known as a genius engineer and a designer of the Central Transandino, which is a railway that links Peru’s capital, Lima; the Pacific port of Callao and the part of Peru situated in the Andes. With time, Malinowski also became Callao’s hero, having participated in the Chincha Islands War between Spain, Chile and Peru (1864-1866).
One Woman Who Saved Thousands of Jewish Children
Irena Sendler was a Polish charity, social activist and a member of the Secret Council for Assistance to the Jews. She had built a network of people who, throughout world War II rescued countless Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto until its destruction in 1943. She also subsequently served as a medic during the Warsaw uprising in 1944. After war ended she was involved in developing educational system for nurses and many other charitable actions. Her services were eventually honoured with Order of the White Eagle (highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits), as well as being two times nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. For many years her wartime involvement has remained completely unknown.
The Leading Female Interpreter of Shakespeare on The American Stage
Modjeska, ca. 1879, photo by Melecjusz Dutkiewicz (1836-1897)
”Mother nature has been generous with her. She has given her all an artist needs: a beautiful appearance, figure and voice, and most importantly, the gift of artistic perspicacity, which makes an actor instinctively feel what a role needs” – Kurier Warszawski’s reviewer after Helena Modrzejewska’s appearance in Wacław Szymanowski's play–Salomon.
Renaissance Man of the 20th Century
Ignacy Jan Paderewski was a Polish pianist, composer, politician and independence activist. He led an incredible life - his amazing music skills brought him fame and fortune, enabling him to speak out for Polish independence. Today, he remains an important figure in Polish history, with numerous schools and streets named after him.